Thursday, 31 March 2016

Homelessness and people with learning disabilities: what do we know?

Prompted by a series of tweets from @CommCats about meeting a woman with Down’s syndrome sleeping rough on a London street after falling behind with the rent on her flat, and a question from @alexsharedlives asking if I knew any statistics about people with learning disabilities who are homeless, I promised to have a dig around and see what I could find. Rather than a tweet bombardment, I thought it would be better to put this into a quick blog, but most of these statistics are new to me so I would be grateful to hear if I’ve got anything wrong or missed out any useful sources of information.

Social services statistics

To start with, I looked at the local authority statistics on the types of accommodation that adults with learning disabilities are living in. There are some massive limitations to this as a source of information on homelessness: 1) It’s only for adults aged 18-64 years old; 2) Up to 2013/14 this was only for adults with learning disabilities known to (i.e. recognised as a person with learning disabilities by) councils; 3) From 2014/15 this is only for adults with learning disabilities getting long-term support from councils.
The table below shows the number of adults people with learning disabilities recorded by councils as being in five types of ‘unsettled accommodation’ that to me suggest homelessness: rough sleeper/squatting; night shelter/emergency hostel/; refuge; placed in temporary accommodation (e.g. a B&B) by the council; and staying with family/friends as a short-term guest.
  


From 2010/11 up to 2013/14, the number of adults with learning disabilities in these types of accommodation increased by 29% over these three years – by 2013/14, 0.8% of all adults with learning disabilities known to councils (1,170 people) were homeless or in extremely temporary accommodation. The nearest equivalent figure for Scotland in 2014 was 57 homeless adults with learning disabilities, 0.2% of people known to the council (see http://www.scld.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/2015/08/Learning-Disability-Statistics-Scotland-2014-report.pdf ).

In 2014/15, councils only returned information on people getting long-term support – the total number of adults with learning disabilities recorded dropped drastically (by 13% in one year) and the number of people reported as being in these types of temporary accommodation dropped even more drastically (by 29% in one year, to 825 people). This isn’t a decrease in homelessness – it’s a shuffling of adults with learning disabilities off the statistical books.

So, even these highly limited statistics suggest a trend towards increasing homelessness for adults with learning disabilities, especially among those people who were known to councils but aren’t getting long-term support from them.

It also ignores the much larger group of adults who as children were recorded by the education system as having learning disabilities, but who are not identified as such in social or health care services – likely to be at least 700,000 people (see here for a discussion of this http://chrishatton.blogspot.co.uk/2015/11/the-disappeared.html ). Even taking the rate of 0.8% of people in highly temporary accommodation reported for adults with learning disabilities known to councils in 2013/14 (which is likely to be an under-estimate), this would suggest another 5,600 homeless adults with learning disabilities in England. In total, this is getting up towards 7,000 homeless adults with learning disabilities in England. 

Statutory homelessness statistics

I also looked at the statutory homelessness statistics reported by the Department for Communities and Local Government (see here https://www.gov.uk/government/statistical-data-sets/live-tables-on-homelessness ) to see if they included any information on people with learning disabilities. I’m new to this information so I may well have got things horribly wrong, but my understanding is that households with a person with learning disabilities should count as one of the ‘priority need’ groups for local authorities in terms of a homelessness duty, on account of their ‘vulnerability’.  

Unfortunately, it isn’t clear from the national statistics that this is the case. Information is broken down by some ‘priority need’ groups (households with dependent children; household member pregnant; homeless in emergency; household member vulnerable through old age, physical disability, mental illness, being a young person, domestic violence, or ‘other’), but people with learning disabilities are not one of these groups and are not explicitly mentioned as being part of the ‘other’ group either.

I don’t know if this means that information on people with learning disabilities is collected but not explicitly reported (so they are part of the ‘other’ group), or if people with learning disabilities are not, in fact, treated as a ‘priority need’ group by councils.

Overall, the number of households in ‘priority need’ groups being accepted as homeless by councils has increased from 2010 to 2015 (from 42,390 people in 2010 to 56,500 in 2015, an increase of 33%). Among the English population generally, there has also been a big increase in rough sleeping (102% increase from 2010 to 3,569 households in 2015 – see https://www.gov.uk/government/statistics/rough-sleeping-in-england-autumn-2015 ). It would be odd if adults with learning disabilities, particularly those not getting long-term support from councils, were bucking this general trend.

A Shelter report into the 2014 Scottish homelessness statistics (see http://scotland.shelter.org.uk/professional_resources/policy_library/policy_library_folder/homelessness_in_scotland_2014_getting_behing_the_statistics ) reported that 630 out of 9,999 households with a priority need assessed as homeless included a person with learning disabilities as a ‘priority need’ – this was 2% of all households assessed as homeless by local authorities in Scotland.

Surveys

Given the severe limitations of the national statistics, surveys conducted by homelessness organisations can be really helpful. For example, Homeless Link do an annual survey of providers of support to homeless people, and in their 2015 report they found that 8% of people using homeless accommodation services were people with learning difficulties, and 7% using day centres for homeless people were people with learning difficulties (see http://www.homeless.org.uk/facts/our-research/annual-review-of-single-homelessness-support-in-england ).

What do we know?

From this initial look at the statistics concerning homelessness amongst people with learning disabilities in England, we know some things but not others:
  1. Whatever information you use, homelessness is a significant problem amongst people with learning disabilities, and is likely to be on the increase.
  2. Official statistics say very little about homelessness amongst people with learning disabilities, and are moving towards making the issue of homelessness amongst people with learning disabilities invisible.
  3. We don’t know how many people with learning disabilities are homeless, how they have been made homeless, the extent to which homelessness services are accessible to people with learning disabilities, and how (if at all) people are being supported to regain a home.


18 comments:

  1. Because of this reality, one ought to utilize a group of various physical games a good way to get the nice Exoslim training session for this group of muscle groups. there are many specific sporting activities to choose from that are first rate for growing the abs. For more ==== >>>>>> http://greentheorygarcinia.com/exoslim-garcinia-cambogia/

    ReplyDelete
  2. In each movement, the Hydro Muscle Max principle consideration might be to pay attention on the body's reaction to any motion. With that, the fusion of mind and frame in the.For more ==== >>>>>> http://supplementsabout.co.uk/hydro-muscle-max/

    ReplyDelete
  3. center, you would have stumble Tvolve upon inconsiderate and traumatic people. do not these people have common feel? Of course they do, but it either did not occur to them that they are annoying you.For more ==== >>>>>> http://boostupmuscles.com/tvolve-scam-fake/

    ReplyDelete
  4. In this newsletter i am going to Alpha Tren offer you a few extraordinary tips you might not have heard of to get six p.c. abs like Cristiano Ronaldo. we are going to be the use of a few precise workout and.For more ==== >>>>>> http://www.strongtesterone.com/alpha-tren-reviews/

    ReplyDelete
  5. your food regimen if you do now Alpha Tren not consume meat and this may be a exquisite opportunity. There are food plan plans to benefit muscle for every class. you may make minor changes in your eating.For more ==== >>>>>> http://jackedmuscleextremeadvice.com/alpha-tren/

    ReplyDelete
  6. which ensure that one has an Alpha Tren prolonged throw. therefore, in a position muscles are more potent muscle mass and now not the alternative.myth No. 3: The textbook form should be used always on all sporting activities.For more ==== >>>>>> http://free4trial.com/alpha-tren/

    ReplyDelete
  7. you can use many sorts of weight T-90 Xplodeeducation sports to construct muscular tissues all over your frame effectively, but it's going to take a bit time to get your body used to doing the exercise. For more ==== >>>>>> http://t-rexmuscleadvice.com/t-90-xplode/

    ReplyDelete
  8. Male enhancement drugs are being Xplosive Vital added due to the fact each different technique available for curing sexual hassle has failed. humans have not located any method to be the ideal for curing their issues. For more ==== >>>>>> http://www.strongtesterone.com/xplosive-vital/

    ReplyDelete
  9. Enzymes for proper functioning, growth Xplosive Vital muscle groups nutrients, detoxify blood and improve functions of mind. those supplements also are immunity booster that protects health from any infections.For more ==== >>>>>> http://boostupmuscles.com/xplosive-vital-reviews/

    ReplyDelete
  10. The market of male enhancement Infinite Male Enhancementcapsules male enhancement capsules is developing at an first rate price. this is because massive range of human beings is interested in improving their sexual performance and there are people need to.For more ==== >>>>>> http://www.strongtesterone.com/infinite-male-enhancement/

    ReplyDelete
  11. En will even experience lack of Infinite Male Enhancement hair in the armpits and axilla, decreased sex force, shrinking of testicles, impotence, consistent feeling of tiredness, reduced muscle energy, reduced muscle mass, reduced bone density, and occasional sperm be counted. For more ==== >>>>>> http://www.strongtesterone.com/infinite-male-enhancement/

    ReplyDelete
  12. T-Volve when you have never T-Volve heard of this product, then you definately must no longer watch a whole lot of television due to the fact it is marketed all the time. It used by T-Volve guys everywhere in the international who are finding that their.For more ==== >>>>>> http://www.healthsupreviews.com/t-volve/

    ReplyDelete
  13. XCELE BRAIN Neurons talk to XCELE BRAIN nerve cells located inside the human mind. Neurobiologists fantastically endorse neurobics because the most suitable exercise XCELE BRAIN to enhance your mind power. The habits you are currently used to are liable for your modern effects. For more ==== >>>>>> http://www.strongtesterone.com/xcele-brain-reviews/

    ReplyDelete
  14. XCELE BRAIN are certain other XCELE BRAIN results that these low stages have an impact on. as an example, one is probably able to analyze XCELE BRAIN quicker and soak up greater facts while in those states. you furthermore mght might have a higher stage of hobby to your immune gadget and.For more ==== >>>>>> http://boostupmuscles.com/xcele-brain/

    ReplyDelete
  15. Nitro MXS It helps to gain fuller and tougher Nitro MXS erection and increase yourself-confidence. It improves blood drift to the reproductive Nitro MXS organs. It boosts staying power and facilitates to closing longer in bed to fulfill her tougher and less attackable.For more ==== >>>>>> http://jackedmuscleextremeadvice.com/nitro-mxs-scam/

    ReplyDelete
  16. Alpha Tren The great high protein meals Alpha Tren are low in saturated fats, and comprise "entire proteins.? Whole proteins incorporate Alpha Tren the amino acids that the frame desires to build muscle.For more ==== >>>>>> http://boostupmuscles.com/alpha-tren/

    ReplyDelete
  17. Juggernox there are numerous approaches on Juggernox the way to be successful for your dunk and top does no longer constantly rely in supporting Juggernox you attain this. a lot of humans assume that height is the simplest thing you should be very worried of whilst doing a dunk.For more ==== >>>>>> http://www.strongtesterone.com/juggernox/

    ReplyDelete
  18. Clean fitness equipmentUltra Boost Force prior to use. The exercise equipment at a public gym is a breeding ground for germs. You go to the gym in order to get healthier, not sick!


    http://www.supplements4news.com/ultra-boost-force/

    ReplyDelete